Slavery: The Israelites were slaves in Egypt for 400 years. Pharaoh oppressed them cruelly, they prayed to God the Creator of heavens and earth, and he answered their prayers, and set them free.

·Rescue (Redemption): God delivered Israel through Moses, and through mighty miracles, and signs and wonders.

The Passover Celebration (12: 1-28) was instituted as an annual observance to remind future generations of this miraculous deliverance from Egyptian bondage.

·Guidance: God led and guided Israel out of Egypt by using plagues, Moses’ heroic courage, and the miracle of the Red Sea. God is trustworthy guide.

·Ten Commandments: God’s Law System had three parts. The Ten Commandments were the first part containing the absolutes of spiritual and moral life.

The Civil Law was the second part, giving the people rules to manage their lives. The Ceremonial Law was the third part, showing them patterns to build the tabernacle and regular worship.

·The Nation: God founded the nation of Israel to be the source of truth and salvation to the entire world. He established it to reflect in their pattern of living that they are his people.

The Decalogue, the priesthood, and his tabernacle were provided for their guidance toward the realization of this goal.

His relationship with his people was loving but firm. This nation had no army, schools, governors, mayors or police when they left Egypt. God instructed them through their constitutional laws and daily practices. He showed them how to worship, and to have national holidays.


In Exodus, we witness amongst others:

·         An institution of the Passover (12: 1-28) as an annual observance to remind future generations of the miraculous deliverance from Egypt.        

·         An institution of the Covenant between God and Israel to establish relationship in which Israel was identified as holy nation.

·         A provision of the Decalogue (i.e. the Ten Commandments), priesthood, and tabernacle to guide Israel to reflect in their pattern of living that they were God’s people.

Despite God’s continual evidence of love and power, the people continued to complain and yearn for their days in Egypt. God provided for their physical and spiritual needs with food and a place to worship; and also judged their disobedience in the process. Then at Sinai, God met Moses to give him his laws for the right living.

The book may be divided into the following three main sections:


1. Israel in Egypt (1: 1 to 12: 36)

·         Multiplication of Israel and their sufferings;.

·         The birth, preparation and commissioning of Moses;

·         The ministry of Moses and Aaron to Israel and to Pharaoh; and

·         The ten plagues on the Egyptians – climaxed by the Passover Lamb and the death of

·         the “firstborns.”


2. The Journey to Sinai (12: 37 to 19: 2)

·         The flight of Israel from Egypt;

·         The importance of the Passover and the consecration of the firstborn;

·         The destruction of Pharaoh’s army;

·         The song of Moses and Miriam;

·         The waters of Marah;

·         The miracle of the quails and manna;

·         The waters of Massah and Meribah;

·         The war with the Amalek; and

·         The Counsel of Jethro.


3. Israel at Sinai (19: 3 to 40: 38)

·         Jehovah’s manifestation at Sinai;

·         The Ten Commandments;

·         The Civil Law;

·         Instructions for building the Tabernacle and its Furniture and for making the priests’ garments;

·         Sacrifices for the consecration of Aaron and his sons;

·         The episode of the golden calf;

·         The renewing of the two tablets;

·         The shining of Moses’ face;

·         The construction of the Tabernacle; and

·         The filling of the Tabernacle with the glory of God.



Exodus is an exciting story that describes how God led and guided his people from slavery in Egypt to Canaan. The name “Exodus” is transliteration of the Greek word meaning “going out”, referring to the departure of Israel from Egypt. This title of the book comes from The Septuagint (Greek Old Testament) translators. The word “Exodus” means “exit” or “departure”, and occurs in Exodus 19: 1, and in Greek New Testament in Luke 9: 31.

Exodus is an account of how a family of 70 immigrants which began with Abraham (Genesis 12) grew into a race of slaves that endured slavery and oppression (1: 13) in contrast to favourable conditions enjoyed under Joseph in Genesis.

Four hundred years had passed since Joseph moved his family to Egypt. These Hebrews (descendants of Abraham, foreigners in Egypt) who had now grown to over two million became a threat to Egypt’s new Pharaoh. He decided to make them slaves in an attempt to suppress them to ensure that his power stays balanced.

In the process of pains of slavery, the Israelites cried to God who answers prayers. A Hebrew boy called Moses was born as an answer to people’s prayers. He became a prince in Pharaoh’s palace, and then an outcast in a desert land. God visited him in the burning bush when he was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, and called him to deliver Israel from Egyptian bondage (3: 1-10).

After some discussions with God, Moses agreed to return to Egypt to lead Israel out of slavery. Through subsequent demonstrations of God’s power, a series of ten plagues (7: 6- 11: 10), and promises made and broken by Pharaoh, Israel was ultimately torn from the grips of Egypt. All these culminated in the exodus.

Protected and guided by the pillar of fire by night and a cloud by day, these millions of Hebrews marched out of Egypt through the Red Sea into the desert under the leadership of Moses (13:17-15:21) and settled in the environs of Mount Sinai for approximately one year. It was at Mount Sinai where God established a covenant with Israel (Chapters 19 to 24).



Pharaoh’s dream

Joseph’s analysis of Pharaoh’s dreams as an example of symbolic dream. To fully appreciate Joseph’s interpretation, we must ask a few questions about the details of Pharaoh’s dreams. Why did Pharaoh specifically visualize cows rather than other animals in the first dream, and why were they emerging from the River Nile? Is there any relevance to the vision of the healthy corn and the scorched corn in the second dream beyond Joseph’s recognition that the dreams were the same? Answering these questions will explain why Pharaoh responded so quickly to Joseph’s analysis.

One has to understand the beliefs of ancient Egyptians fully comprehend the mysterious elements in Pharaoh’s dream. The Egyptians worshipped over a hundred deities, but one goddess has particular significance where Pharaoh’s dream is concerned. That goddess was Hathor, the sun god. Egyptians worshipped her for over 3,000 years. Hathor was believed to have several important functions. She was visualized as a gigantic cow stretched over the heavens, taking care of the Milky Way, which the Egyptian called the Nile in the Sky. Her most vital function for the Egyptians was causing the Nile to overflow its banks each year. This provided fertile soil on which crops (e.g., corn) could grow. Without such annual flooding Egypt would have been a famine-ridden wasteland. Being familiar with the goddess and her attributes, Pharaoh recognizes the wise intent of Joseph’s advice. The seven fat cows represent the fertility of the land, embodied in the Egyptian symbol of seven Hathors. This concept is reinforced by the seven full ears of corn in the second dream. In addition, the cows emerging from the river also indicate that they stand for the goddess Hathor, caretaker of the Nile. Joseph’s interpretation thus drew upon Egyptian symbols well known to Pharaoh and used them effectively to explain the whole dream. That is why it rang true in the ears of Pharaoh.

Cows and corns are Symbols with cultural meaning but the interpretation is God’s business. Recession, downgrading, retrenchments, economic downturn, state capture, Guptarised and etc. These are all the terms used in this culture to describe scarcity. But God will show us how to preserve the legacy of fat cows.  There will be a season where thin cows will swallow up fat cows and remain thin. All this will happen somewhere in our journey of life, that is why we need the wisdom of Joseph to handle the changing seasons.

May God grant you wisdom and knowledge to handle resources that are entrusted to you.


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“Two full years later, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing on the bank of the Nile River. In his dream he saw seven fat, healthy cows come up out of the river and begin grazing in the marsh grass. Then he saw seven more cows come up behind them from the Nile, but these were scrawny and thin. These cows stood beside the fat cows on the riverbank. Then the scrawny, thin cows ate the seven healthy, fat cows! At this point in the dream, Pharaoh woke up. But he fell asleep again and had a second dream. This time he saw seven heads of grain, plump and beautiful, growing on a single stalk.

And these thin heads swallowed up the seven plump, well-formed heads! Then Pharaoh woke up again and realized it was a dream. The next morning Pharaoh was very disturbed by the dreams. So he called for all the magicians and wise men of Egypt. When Pharaoh told them his dreams, not one of them could tell him what they meant.”

Genesis 41:1-5, 7-8 NLT

I want us to apply our minds, as we read this account. Let us try to work with the following thoughts

·         The dreams were given to Pharaoh who was a ruler.

·         Symbolism in both dreams

·         Attempts made by the magicians of Egypt

·         Why Pharaoh was so troubled by these dreams

·         Should we believe global experts who are predicting food shortage and food security?

Remember Abraham and Isaac both experienced drought in their lifetime. Abraham escaped to Egypt, but Isaac applied skills learn from his father to prosper.

Famine will either make you rich like Isaac and pharaoh or devastate you like the Egyptian who sold everything to Pharaoh to survive.

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What is your occupation?

“And Pharaoh asked the brothers, “What is your occupation?” They replied, “We, your servants, are shepherds, just like our ancestors.” Genesis 47:3 NLT

When Pharaoh met the Sons of Jacob for the first time, he asked them, what is your occupation?

An occupation is defined as a job, profession or a way of spending time. Pharaoh wanted to give them the prime land in Egypt, but he first wanted to know what their occupation is. Pharaoh knew that giving good land to people who are not skilled was like tossing pearls to the pigs. It is therefore important to skill yourself in order to take advantage of the opportunities that God is opening up for us. Unlike in the past these days’ skills do come easy to us, especially with the advance of technology.


Top 10 Strategies for Learning New Skills

  • Ditch Your Learning Style – Are you a visual learner? In an age where everything is available at the click of a button, there are many ways to learn. The key is to interact with the information. Using multiple sources will help you with this. Don’t stick to books alone; gather relevant videos, podcasts, movies, and blogs as well!
  • Make It More Meaningful for Yourself – Instead of memorizing a formula, try to understand what relevance it has in practice and how you can use it to your advantage. You’ll find you’re able to grasp the concepts much more quickly.
  • Learn by Doing – Humans are natural learners—and we learn best when we perform the tasks we’re trying to learn. No matter how good your grades were at college, most of your learning takes place once you enter the workplace and start applying what you’ve learned.
  • Study the Greats, and then Practice -While studying the greats is essential, it is more of a passive exercise. In order to gain from it, you need to apply that learning to your own work as well.
  • Teach What You Learn -One of the more surprising ways you can learn a new skill is to teach it to someone else. You don’t have to be an education major to use this trick. Try explaining what you’re learning to friends or co-workers.
  • Spend More Time Practicing Things You Find Difficult – So the next time you sit to practice a new skill, step out of your comfort zone and challenge yourself. Concentrate on whatever is most difficult for you, and with time you’ll find you achieve a higher level of overall efficiency.
  • Be passionate – Give your all to this new skill
  • Test Yourself – Why is testing so effective? Because it takes recall a step further. Recall shows how much of the material you remember. Testing shows you how well you can use what you’ve learnt. After all, that is the ultimate goal of learning, isn’t it?
  • Find a mentor – Mentorship is perhaps the quickest way to take your skills to the next level. A mentor helps you navigate your field by offering invaluable perspective and experience.
  • Be curious – Nothing stimulates learning quite like curiosity!


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“Joseph’s suggestions were well received by Pharaoh and his officials. So Pharaoh asked his officials, “Can we find anyone else like this man so obviously filled with the spirit of God?” Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has revealed the meaning of the dreams to you, clearly no one else is as intelligent or wise as you are. “Genesis 41:37-39 NLT

Joseph was well able to help others with their dreams because he was a dreamer himself. Be careful around dreamless people, they will kill you, just so that they see what will become of your dream. They know that dreams cannot be killed but dreamers can be.

Believe in your dreams, Jacob asked Laban to pay him with all the sheep and goats that are speckled or spotted. Strong animals give birth to spotted offspring’s.  Dreamers are not easily discouraged by corrupt systems, Laban instructed his sons to move all the spotted males from his flocks behind Jacob’s back. Yet that did not work against Jacob.

Dreamers can use anything to help them succeed. Jacob used a poplar tree branch as an image for the animal to see as they drank water. What they saw in the water formed in them. Jacob’s daydreaming paid off.  Joseph started to manage his own dreams before he could help his fellow inmates with their dreams. This is the law of progressive growth, start where you are and with what you have. When he was required to stand before Pharaoh, he was sure of his ability to interpret dreams. Be faithful over little, then God will entrust more to you. Dreamers and dream interpreters have solutions to complex problems.

 The reward of solving problems

  • Joseph was put in charge of the Egyptian economy
  • Daniel was made a governor in Babylon
  • David was made famous after killing Goliath
  • Abraham got a title of being the father of nations after he believed God
  • Fast food outlets such as McDonalds, KFC and Nandos etc have solved hunger problems
  • Mr Hendry Ford solved a transport problem
  • Steve Jobs and BillGates have solved problems related to computing systems.
  • Facebook as has solved friendship problems or may have things worse, am not sure
  • Jesus solved sin problems
  • Paul solved doctrine problems

What are you here to solve?

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We need dream interpreters to make the land profitable.

Genesis 37:1-2 

V1 So Jacob settled again in the land of Canaan, where his father had lived as a foreigner.

V2 This is the account of Jacob and his family. When Joseph was seventeen years old, he often tended his father’s flocks. He worked for his half-brothers, the sons of his father’s wives Bilhah and Zilpah. But Joseph reported to his father some of the bad things his brothers were doing.

Jacob got back the land of his forefathers, and he settled there with his family. The writer continues the history of Jacob and his family which we get a glimpse of in Genesis 35. The central figure in Jacob’s family history is Joseph his 11th son. It’s interesting that Joseph is mentioned first in the family history, not Reuben.

In order for the land to be profitable, they needed dreamers and dream interpreters. Joseph was a dreamer and an interpreter of dreams. His gift was supposed to help Jacob’s family to prosper in the land God had given them. Yet we see him using his gift later in his life to prosper Pharaoh. On the other side his brothers were captured and corrupt, they always gave Jacob an exaggerated balance sheet, but Joseph refused to take part in that scheme. He was therefore hated for his integrity and uprightness.

Dreamers and dream interpreters consider the following:

·         How many dream interpreters and dreamers have we persecuted?

·         Dreamers and dream interpreters should never be stripped off their coats of authority and position.

·         Those who are supposed to help us are languishing in pits; no one can hear what they are saying. If we continue to keep our dream interpreters in cisterns we lose a lot of inventions.

·         If we sell or dreamers, others will benefit from their gift and we will not

·         Africa is desolate because we said here is the dreamer, let’s kill him and see what will became of his dreams

·         We sold Kwame Nkuruma to the FBI. Killed Patrice Lumumba and Thomas Sankara. We frustrated Julius Nyere and rejected the Wisdom of Thabo Mbeki. Even though famine was bound to come the devastation we see was caused by a lack of dreamers and dream interpreters in our continent.

·         Africa is dominated by visionless leaders like Jacob Zuma, Robert Mugabe, Mubuto Seseko, Idi Amini and many others like them.

“When Jacob heard that grain was available in Egypt, he said to his sons, “Why are you standing around looking at one another? I have heard there is grain in Egypt. Go down there, and buy enough grain to keep us alive. Otherwise we’ll die.”

Genesis 42:1-2 NLT

Jacob is the one who received the information that grain was available in Egypt. The reason his sons were standing around looking at each other hopelessly, was because there were no dreamers or dream interpreters in their land.

Remember this, drought was everywhere, if Joseph was still with them, he could have helped them with the gift of interpretation he used to save Pharaoh and the Egyptians. Jacob was not lazy to empower and keep himself informed, he googled places where they could buy grain.  Age is not always a bad factor, Jacob was over 105 years old but still agile and informed, and he knew where to get foreign investments for his people.

I will be dealing with dream interpreters in the next session

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The story of Jacob

“But Jacob said, “First you must swear that your birth right is mine.” So Esau swore an oath, thereby selling all his rights as the firstborn to his brother, Jacob. Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and lentil stew. Esau ate the meal, then got up and left. He showed contempt for his rights as the firstborn.” Genesis 25:33-34 NLT

Jacob bought the future

6. Jacob anticipated the transition, he saw the opportunity and ceased it in the life time of that opportunity

7. He made Esau to swear before he could give him the soup.  Make sure that whatever you buy, is done legally. I know people whose houses especially the RDP’s were lost, they just exchanged money without involving the legal experts. However, if you die and that property is not in your name, your family will forfeit your hard earned so called investment.

8. Jacob had a vision for the future while his brother was caught up in the instant gratification behaviour.

9.  Esau fell into the trap of impulsivity. Impulsivity is defined as the tendency to choose an immediate small reward at the expense of a larger reward later.

Jacob became very rich in Haran, working for his Uncle Laban. He understood that his sons will not enjoy the inheritance in someone’s land. The sons of Laban were already complaining that Jacob had stolen their father’ wealth.

Abraham was already wealthy when he was in Haran, but God said to him places is limiting your growth, so leave it. Jacob had to leave Haran for the same reason. God told Jacob that he would give the land of Canaan to him and his descendants just as he promised Abraham.

Your comfort zone is limiting you, vacate that space immediately.

When the Lord spoke to me about building my houses debt free, I was challenged as I wanted to live in Haran and get a home mortgage with easy payments. Now that I am enjoying the benefit of obedience, I don’t have any mortgages and it feels good knowing that my family will inherit bond free properties. Living your family properties that are paid for is way better. Especially as your children will also grow to build things debt free, which means the next generation will be wealthier than the previous generation.


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“When Isaac planted his crops that year, he harvested a hundred times more grain than he planted, for the Lord blessed him. He became a very rich man, and his wealth continued to grow. He acquired flocks of sheep and goats, herds of cattle, and servants that the Philistines became jealous of him.

Finally, Abimelech ordered Isaac to leave the country. “Go somewhere else,” he said, “for you have become too powerful for us.”

Genesis 26:12-14, 16 NLT

Isaac was in Gerar of the Philistines due to drought in the land. He planted seed in that land and in the same season, he had a double portion of the harvest. The landlords envied him because of his success. They started to fight him for some of his inheritance, they stopped some of the wells he inherited from Abraham and took some for themselves.

 Don’t waste your energy fighting over things you are graced to achieve. If they take what belongs to you leave it and go elsewhere, everywhere you dig you will strike water.

 “Isaac’s servants also dug in the Gerar Valley and discovered a well of fresh water. But then the shepherds from Gerar came and claimed the spring. “This is our water,” they said, and they argued over it with Isaac’s herdsmen. So Isaac named the well Esek (which means “argument”). Isaac’s men then dug another well, but again there was a dispute over it. So Isaac named it Sitnah (which means “hostility”). Abandoning that one, Isaac moved on and dug another well.

 This time there was no dispute over it, so Isaac named the place Rehoboth (which means “open space”), for he said, “At last the Lord has created enough space for us to prosper in this land.” Genesis 26:19-22 NLT


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